The Dauphin summoned the Estates-General in October to seek money for the defense of the country. In 1349 as a young prince Charles received from his grandfather King Philip VI the province of Dauphiné to rule. Charles was born at Vincennes, Île-de-France, France, the son of King Jean II and Bonne of Luxembourg. However, he signed the Treaty of Brétigny in May 1360 that led to release of his father. Charles, horrified, momentarily pacified the crowd, but sent his family away and left the capital as quickly as he could. Charles V (21 January 1338 – 16 September 1380), called the Wise (French: "le Sage"), was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1364 to his death.. Charles V, called the Wise, was King of France from 1364 to his death. Charles V was also a builder king, and he created or rebuilt several significant buildings in the late 14th century style including the Bastille, the Château du Louvre, Château de Vincennes, and Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, which were widely copied by the nobility of the day.
Unfortunately, his successors were unable to maintain the unity that was needed to preserve France's territorial integrity and by 1419, the country was divided between Armagnac and Burgundian factions and Henry V of England was conquering the northern part of France. Charles relied on improved fortifications made to Paris by Marcel and would later rebuild the Left Bank (Rive gauche) wall and built a new wall on the Right Bank (Rive droite) that extended to a new fortification called the Bastille. Charles relied on improved fortifications made to Paris by Marcel, and would later rebuild the Left Bank wall and built a new wall on the Right Bank that extended to a new fortification called the Bastille. The Dauphin refused the demands, dismissed the Estates-General, and left Paris. Gatherings were limited to slow the spread of the plague then raging in Europe; the marriage took place in private. The theology faculty of the University of Paris advised Charles not to make a hasty decision, but he recognised Clement as Pope in November and forbade any obedience to Urban. Charles next sent the mercenary companies (under the leadership of Du Guesclin) to fight in a civil war in Castile between Pedro the Cruel and his brother, Don Enrique of Trastamare.  Charles led a battalion at Poitiers that withdrew early in the struggle; whether the order came from John (as he later claimed), or whether Charles himself ordered the withdrawal, is unclear.. The taxes he had levied to support his wars against the English had caused deep disaffection among the working classes.