Hyman said he doesn’t think laws should be built upon anecdotes.

the name given to the new and mixed inhabitants whom Esarhaddon (B.C. The emergence of the Samaritans as an ethnic and religious community distinct from other Levant peoples appears to have occurred at some point after the Assyrian conquest of the Israelite Kingdom of Israel in approximately 721 BCE. As a small community physically divided between neighbors in a hostile region, Samaritans have been hesitant to overtly take sides in the Arab–Israeli conflict, fearing that doing so could lead to negative repercussions.

The inhabitants of Samaria/Samerina, who agreed [and plotted] with a king [hostile to] me, not to do service and not to bring tribute [to Ashshur] and who did battle, I fought against them with the power of the great gods, my lords. In the latter, it is only the Samaritan who helped the man stripped of clothing, beaten, and left on the road half dead, his Abrahamic covenantal circumcision implicitly evident. With such a small population, divided into only four families (Cohen, Tsedakah, Danafi, and Marhiv, with the Matar family dying out in 1968)[78][79] and a general refusal to accept converts, there has been a history of genetic disorders within the group due to the small gene pool. The request was granted. 2. During the Hellenistic period, Samaria was largely divided between a Hellenizing faction based in Samaria (Sebastaea) and a pious faction in Shekhem and surrounding rural areas, led by the High Priest. Gerizim will be found in PEFS, 1902, 82.

According to Chronicles 36:22–23, the Persian emperor, Cyrus the Great (reigned 559–530 BCE), permitted the return of the exiles to their homeland and ordered the rebuilding of the Temple (Zion). The priest and Levite walked past. The colonists thought it necessary for their own safety to acknowledge Yahweh, in whose land they dwelt, as one among the gods to be feared (2 Kings 17:24). In Jewish tradition, however, it is sometimes claimed that Mount Samaria, meaning 'Watch Mountain', is actually named so because watchers used to watch from those mountains for approaching armies from Egypt in ancient times. Among these renegades was Manasseh, brother of the high priest, who had married a daughter of Sanballat, the Persian governor of Samaria. But the Samaritan helped the naked man regardless of his nakedness (itself religiously offensive to the priest and Levite[58]), his self-evident poverty, or to which Hebrew sect he belonged. The universal peril led the Samaritans, eager for safety, to repudiate all connection and kinship with the Jews. Gods displeasure was kindled, and they were annoyed by beasts of prey, which had probably increased to a great extent before their entrance upon the land. One did according to the abominations of the Gentiles and served other gods; another followed Eli the son of Yafni, although many of them turned away from him after he had revealed his intentions; and a third remained with the High Priest Uzzi ben Bukki, the chosen place. Mount Grizim, West Bank", Committee for the Propagation of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice, United States security assistance to the Palestinian National Authority, Foreign Affairs Minister of the Palestinian National Authority, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Samaritans&oldid=984007618, Pages with numeric Bible version references, Articles containing Samaritan-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from January 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2017, Articles with dead external links from May 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia external links cleanup from July 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Tsedakah lineage, claiming descent from the tribe of Manasseh, The Joshua-Marhiv lineage, claiming descent from the tribe of Ephraim, The Danafi lineage, claiming descent from the tribe of Ephraim, Many Samaritans believe that at the end of days, the dead will be.

This however changed during late Abbasid period, with increasing persecution targeting the Samaritan community and considering them infidels which must convert to Islam. On their explaining their miserable condition to the king of Assyria, he despatched one of the captive priests to teach them "how they should fear the Lord." The Encyclopaedia Judaica (under "Samaritans") summarizes both past and present views on the Samaritans' origins.

In the Christian Bible, the Gospel of John relates an encounter between a Samaritan woman and Jesus in which she says that the mountain was the center of their worship. The Samaritan: From Joseph. Samaritans living in both Israel and in the West Bank enjoy Israeli citizenship. I formed a unit with 200 of [their] chariots for my royal force.